Wednesday, June 21, 2017

June at Amanda's Greenhouse

The four greenhouses are emptying out and my goal is to get all remaining annuals into the one big greenhouse.  All pansies, violas, and wave petunias are on sale for $1.


The early spring perennials have finished their blooms and now it's time for the Siberian iris and peonies to put on their show.




The iris are lovely, but they go by way too quickly.  The foliage looks nice all season long, adding a good accent to the garden.  When it's time to divide Siberian iris the challenge is on.  The roots and rhizomes form a compact mass that feels like a block of cement.  I suggest a strong man (sorry sister feminists) and a sharpened straight shovel.  Or perhaps a strong edger would work?  

It feels as if we have had more rainy days than sunny days and the hostas in "Danny's garden" just love all the rain.





All foliage is healthy.



I thought it would be fun to fill a window box with primarily coleus, since I have lots left for sale!


I hope other Vermont gardeners have had better luck than I when it comes to planting.  It has been so wet, the soil is usually unsuitable to till.  My tomatoes are in at least, but here it is - summer solstice day (midsummer?) and I have not finished planting my vegetables.  Move away from the computer Amanda.  


Friday, May 19, 2017

May at Amanda's Greenhouse

I manage to write gardening columns for two newspapers, but darned if I can keep up with my blog.  Mother's Day has come and gone and despite crummy weather, business was great.  I have THE nicest customers.  Here's a photo of some small pots I made for $5 each as a possible gift for Mom.


And this is a photo of yours truly that will be going in the daily newspaper this Saturday.  Right now the weather sounds promising, which will bring out the gardeners.



My most recent gardening column was about calibrachoas... interesting to me, hopefully for some others as well. The photo shows normal sized geraniums with calibrachoas underneath and then the article.  





And I will now cut and paste the newspaper column and call it a blog!

The Story Behind Calibrachoa (Million Bells)

Not long ago  gardeners had not heard of calibrachoa or “million bells.”  Described as “a tiny petunia on steroids, it is now one of floriculture’s most popular annuals, second only to geraniums.  

The Japanese company  Suntory was the first to experiment with hybridizing calibrachoa , which they found growing wild in South America.  In the late 1990s Suntory licensed Proven Winners to market their new flower and calibrachoas  were  introduced to gardeners as “Millions Bells.”  

There is no standard, widely accepted common name for the calibrachoa hybrids yet, but ”Million Bells” was its first commercial name and still seems to be used the most by folks looking for calibrachoa,  even though it is a registered trademark name. (Think Kleenex and Bandaid, which are both registered trademarks.)     

Calibrachoas can be grown in a garden, but are really best in containers where they spill over the sides.  They work well in combination pots and window boxes as well as in hanging baskets.   The flowers do not set seeds, so they need no deadheading.

There are now thousands of different  calibrachoas in all kinds of colors and shapes with names like  “Mini-famous,”  “Cabaret” and “Superbells”. My favorites are from the Callie, Noa and double Mini-famous series.

The race to come up with new colors is highly competitive.  The German grower Westhoff introduced a new variety with magenta and yellow blooms that they named “Candy Bouquet.”  A year later the US growers, Proven Winners, introduced an identical calibrachoa, and named it “Holy Moly.”  Westhoff launched a $45 million lawsuit which has not yet been settled, but gardeners can still buy either variety.  (I grow “Candy Bouquet”).

Typically calibrachoa are grown from cuttings and it's illegal for growers like me to propagate them. Every tag has a “propagation prohibited” warning on it.
Recently a calibrachoa has been introduced that can be grown from seed.  This new flower is called “Kabloom” and is offered in a few solid colors. In no time I’m sure the selection will be much wider.  The advantage of seed-grown calibrachoa is that home gardeners can now grow their own calibrachoa, and not depend on those of us who buy in cuttings.

Calibrachoas  need excellent drainage and full sun.   They are actually a tender perennial, so can survive low temperatures.  They are heavy feeders and if properly fertilized they will bloom nicely the entire gardening season.  


Wednesday, March 29, 2017

March Madness

Every day has been packed with planting, transplanting, wiring baskets, moving pants around, taking cuttings, etc.  I am blessed with wonderful help because I get so darned tired in the afternoon.  Here are some photographs to show what we have been doing.










More to come!

Tuesday, January 31, 2017

NEW PETUNIAS FOR 2017

Years ago petunias were offered only in solid colors -  typically red, pink, white and purple. Now they come in yellow and even black. There are loads of new petunias being offered for the 2017 growing season and here are a few of them.

The big "break through" in 2016 for new petunias  was "Blue Skies" produced by Selecta, a company that serves the North American market with vegetative propagated bedding plants and poinsettias.



"Blue Skies"

It looks like a purple/blue flower that has been splattered with white and every bloom is different.   It was an instant success and "flew off the shelves."  This year that plant has a big sister, "Pink Sky."  I've only seen photos of this plant, but I am definitely going to grow it.



"Pink Skies"


Another trend that is being tried in many color combinations is to have the eye of the petunia be one color and have the rest of the pedals blend out  to another color.





Potunia Purple Halo




 Sweetunia Johnnie



"Crazytunia Moonstruck"


There are oodles of new patterns turning up on petunias blooms as well.  One that I will definitely try this summer is "Amore Queen of Hearts."


"Amore Queen of Hearts."

It will be interesting to see if the heart pattern is prominent in "real life."


Years ago all petunias were started as seeds.  Petunias that you purchase in six-packs are still started from seed, but now most of the petunias you see in hanging baskets and sold individually in pots are grown from cuttings.  They are more vigorous growers and generally benefit from more fertilizer.    Because they don't put their energy into producing seeds they produce more blooms.  Most of these petunias from cuttings don't need dead heading.

The downside is that they are more expensive.  The greenhouse owner not only pays quite a bit for each cutting, they pay royalties and a propagation fee.  The only way to grow more of the same plant is to take cuttings, which is legally prohibited.  The plants are registered and trademarked.  There are actually plant police who come around to large greenhouse operations to make sure their copyrighted plant is not being used for making more cuttings.

Petunias will remain one of gardeners favorite flowers and they just get easier to grow and of course the choice is now huge.

Monday, January 23, 2017

More Award Winning Plants for 2017

Europe’s top award for new plants is the Fleuroselect Award. These are flowers grown on trial grounds across Europe “…proven to clearly supersede existing varieties in terms of breeding innovation and beauty.”

If a new plant wins both the AAS designation (see previous blog) and the Fleuroselect “quality mark” I will definitely give it a go.  This year one flower falls in that category -  Profusion Red zinnia.  

                                     

Profusion Red Zinnia - AAS Photo

(Profusion Cherry zinnia also won both awards in 1999).  The Profusion series (and Zahara series) are shorter zinnias with tons of flowers and they are resistant to powdery mildew.

Others that have won both awards in the recent past include Fresh Look Red celosia  and Tidal Wave Red Velour petunia, both good plants that I grow.  




Fresh Look Celosia

Senator Rose Bicolor  is one of three flowers that won the Fleurosecect award for this year.  Its pink flowers stand out against the bronze foliage and I have always found that the darker foliage stands up the best in full sun.

Senator Rose Bi-color Begonia- Fleuroselect photo


The AAS program has recently added “ornamentals from vegetative cuttings.”  These are plants that can not be grown from seed, only from cuttings of the same plant.  Starting in 2019 there will also be an AAS award for herbaceous perennials.  

While I study new award winning plants carefully, I also browse the reviews of plant performance in the many trial garden sites on the internet.  Most of these plantings are sponsored by a university or a large wholesaler of plants.  If one plant gets top scores from  several northern trial gardens I am probably going to try it.

The trial gardens at Ball Seed in Illinois


Seeds for two of my favorite AAS winners seem to have disappeared - Green Comet broccoli and Bonanza Bolero marigold.  I assume this is because there are only a few vegetable seed companies left in the world and they are eliminating the older varieties in favor of new, “improved” hybrids.  

Like most gardeners, I have my favorite varieties that I grow every year and at the same time  I am also easily tempted to try something new.



Thursday, January 19, 2017

Award Winning New Plants - The Best of the Best?

The best known award for annual plants in the US is the All American Selections (AAS) program.  New flowers and vegetables are grown side-by-side with comparable available varieties and are evaluated by garden performance, size, taste, disease-resistance  and any other characteristic important to the home gardener. 



2017 Winner Okra Candle Fire

Judges deem the performers that  show clear superiority to their comparison as AAS winners.  There were 16 AAS winners this year, including a red zinnia, a miniature watermelon, and a purple okra. 



There was a time when I grew every new AAS winner each year.  This stopped in 1992 when “Thumbelina Carrot” (above) was designated an AAS vegetable.  No way was I going to go to the trouble of germinating and weeding carrots to harvest a root “roughly the size of a golf ball” at the end of the season.  New is not always better.

AAS was founded in 1932 and hundreds of plants have been designated winners.  Very few of the early winners have had staying power.   Most of those “new” prize-winning seeds are no longer available, demonstrating that they either did not live up to the judges’ expectations or they have been superseded by an improved variety.  



2017 Winner Celosia Asian Garden

Some remain stalwarts in many gardens today.  Sensation cosmos was an AAS winner in 1936 and Early Prolific Yellow squash won in 1938.  Red Sails lettuce won in 1985   Other previous AAS winners that I grow are Rocket snapdragons, Snowcrown cauliflower, Carmen peppers, the Profusion series of zinnias, certain petunias from the Wave series and Bright Lights chard.  Two widely grown tomatoes that have received the AAS award are Celebrity (1984) and Big Beef (1994). 



2017 Winner Yellow Patio Choice tomato

More about new plants winning awards in the next blog....

Sunday, January 8, 2017

A New Year and New Plants

My brother lives in San Francisco and he doesn't understand Vermonters' penchants towards bright and flashy flowers.   I explain that our growing season is short and we want to pack in as much showy bloom as we can.  Along with craving hot weather and bright days we crave color.  What follows are a few of the new bright blooming flowers I will be offering this year, started from seed.  

One catalogue calls Dianthus Jolt Cherry "...a shocking blaze of super charged color all summer long." I like this new series of dianthus because it is easy to grow, branches out nicely and makes a good "cut." It is a cross between Sweet William and annual dianthus. It is 16 - 20 inches tall and continues to set flowers all summer without setting seeds. And it is very flashy.




Dianthus Jolt Cherry from PanAmerican Seed


The Select Seeds catalogue says of nasturtium Cherrelle "...our new favorite double nasturtium with great flower power, outstanding in early summer and early fall when the summer heat wanes.  "This is a large-flowered new introduction with full-bodied double flowers held well above the unspotted green foliage. It is semi-trailing.


Nasturtium Cherrelle


Profusion Red zinnia won both the All American Section (AAS) and Fleuroselect Award for 2017. The Profusion series of zinnias are prolific bloomers of 2" flowers.  They are disease resistant, easy to grow, and continuously bloom  all season.  Judges appreciated the true red color of this zinnia which doesn’t fade in summer.



Red Profusion Zinnia from Sakata 


I like using begonias for hanging baskets,  in particular the newer sun tolerant versions.  Because they do not have a robust root system they don't need as much water as other plants in baskets.  Santa Cruz looks terrific in a hanging pot, but the falling flowers can be messy and are best used as outdoor baskets.




Santa Cruz Begonia

Thursday, December 15, 2016

Seed Catalog Recommendations for 2017

I recently wrote an article about my current favorite seed catalogs and it dawned on me that it would be a good blog entry.  I have been ordering seeds and vegetative cuttings for months now and will start blogging soon on new varieties that I anticipate will be hits.

Meanwhile, Here I am scouring the seed catalogs ...


And here is the article!


----------------------------------------

     January provides an antidote for cabin fever - the arrival of seed catalogs.  In choosing my seed catalogs I consider the selection, the price, the descriptions and past experiences with germination and service from those companies.  Some catalogs seem to be written by a PR company.   I want to sense that the person writing the descriptions has actually grown the plant.  I have been gardening for 50 years and my choice of seed companies has settled down to seven main sources. 
     Most gardeners in the northeast, including myself, like Maine’s Johnny’s Selected Seeds catalog.  They offer straight forward descriptions for the serious gardener and a nice variety of garden tools.  I appreciate their  selection of sunflowers and cut flowers.  But, before I order anything from Johnnies I look for the same seed at another Maine company,  Fedco,  because the quality is the same and the price is guaranteed to be lower.   
     Fedco is a cooperative, owned by employees and customers, and profit does not drive the business.    They offer a lot of open-pollinated and heirloom seed, and a limited selection of hybrids. They often source their seeds from smaller farms and germination rates are published on the packets.  The catalog is quirky, offering lots of information as well as a dose of political rambling. It’s printed on plain newsprint, all black and white.   Sketches, vintage etchings, expert advice and humor fill each page in a chockablock fashion that make it a fun read.
     I grow loads of different heirloom tomatoes and if I can’t find what I want at Fedco  I go to Sandhill Preservation Center in Iowa.   This is a family operation selling only open-pollinated seeds.  Although they have a web site where you can drool over more than 300 varieties of red tomatoes,  they do not take orders online or on the phone and they do not accept credit cards.  I don’t mind writing a check and putting it in an envelope. 
     Because of the expense and the problems small businesses face with bulk mailing they have decided this year to no longer offer free print catalogs.   They grow the seed they sell for over 80% of the varieties they offer and put their effort into preserving and growing heirloom plants rather than marketing their business. The choice is amazing and the prices are very reasonable.
     Another  seed catalog that is online only  is Nichols Garden Nursery out of Oregon.  They offer a great choice of common and hard to find herbs and vegetable seeds.  You can find golden bantam corn, butter crunch lettuce and green arrow peas at Nichols.  You can also find Zaatar (“wild marjoram”),  Agretti (“land seaweed”) and Melokhiya  Corchorus olitorius:   “The most widely consumed vegetable in Egypt… Mild tender leaves thicken broths and soups and added to medleys of braised greens and stews. Dries well to use in winter soups.”  Nichols gives growing descriptions and often cooking directions.  I also buy their herb blends for cooking.  
     I buy most of my flower seeds from GeoSeed in South Carolina. Although the catalog says “Seed for Professionals” I called the company and was told anyone can order.  If the order is under $100, the shipping and handling charge will be $6.00.  Not only does this family-run business have a huge selection, its prices are terrific.  
     For example, at Burpees, buying 50 seeds of  Oklahoma Mix zinnia costs $4.95.  At Geoseed buying 1,000 Oklahoma Mix Zinnia costs $4.95.  Because it is essentially a commercial business, you are committed to buying a Trade packet, so in this case, unless you have a lot of zinnia-loving friends, 1,000 seeds might be going overboard.  However the more expensive seeds are sold in smaller amounts.  They offer 100 Zahara Starlight Rose zinnia, one of my favorites, for $3.70.  Burpee offers 50 of the same seeds for $5.95.  GeoSeed does not sell vegetables.
     For perennial seeds my go-to catalog is Jelitto.  They offer more than 3,700 varieties of seeds.   Many perennial seeds can be tricky to germinate.  Jelitto carries a line of pre-treated, ready-to-sprout (no cold stratification needed) seed that they designate "Gold Nugget" seed.  They are pricey, but  the results more than justify the extra cost for me.
       Horticultural Products and Services (HPS) out of Randolph Wi., is geared towards the grower, but they also offer smaller seed packets at excellent prices.  They have a broad selection of annual flowers, herbs and vegetables and I always end up getting some seeds from them as well.
     Inevitably I realize I’m missing something at the last minute and then its off to the local stores to check out their seed racks.  

——

Johnnies - www.Johnnieseeds.com - (877) 564-6697
Fedco - www.fedcoseeds.com - (207) 426-0090
Sandhill - www.sandhillpreservation.com - (563) 246-2299 - (no print catalog, no orders by phone.)
Nichols - www.nicholsgardennursery.com (800) 422-3984 (No print catalog.)
Geoseed - www.geoseed.com (888) 645-2323 
Jelitto - www.jelitto.com - (502) 895-0807
HPS -www.hpsseed.com (800) 322-7288


The Garden Watchdog has a directory of more than 7,000 mail order gardening companies with reviews from gardening customers. http://davesgarden.com/products/gwd/  



Thursday, July 21, 2016

So Many Daylilies - and ALL on SALE


I suppose there are still some gardeners who associate daylilies with the common Hemerocallis fulva, an orange flowered species native to much of Asia.  This plant spreads by underground stolons and roots, making it difficult to fully dig out.  A tiny piece of stem quickly becomes a stand of dull orange daylilies.  In my area it is known as the "ditch lily' because it  fills in ditches and crowds out other plants.  Some states actually list this daylily as an invasive plant.  They have their place, but not in a daylily garden.

If I wanted a bright flash of orange in my perennial bed I would try "Primal Scream" daylily or perhaps "Holiday Delight."


PRIMAL SCREAM


HOLIDAY DELIGHT

Fulva is muddy compared to these beauties.


FULVA

Another color folks often avoid (too "common"?) in daylilies is yellow.  "Omomuki" has wonderful yellow tones with a nice ruffled edge.  I also like the way Mary's Gold stands out in any garden.  It has huge strong blooms and is a good grower.  Ferengi's Gold is another pretty yellow daylily with great ruffling on the pedals.


OMOMUKI


MARY'S GOLD




FERENGI's GOLD



Daylilies bloom mid summer and are cheerful additions to any garden.  They come in every shape and color, although hybridizers have yet to come up with a true blue.  Ours are all large field-dug plants in gallon containers for $7.99 each.  We have a sale going on right now - buy three and get the fourth one free.




The daylily shown above is "Larry's Obsession" and no, I don't have it for sale.  A Missouri resident, Larry Gooden, paid $6,300 at a Canadian-American daylily meeting to name this flower.  (Photo from National Gardening Association.)